Crude oil transportation projects
Druzhba – Adria
The Druzhba – Adria project deals with the issue of the crude oil transportation from the Russian Federation, crossing the territory of Belarus, the Ukraine, Slovakia, Hungary and Croatia. The mentioned Russian crude oil could be transported through the territory of Croatia further to:
A) Omišalj terminal, where the crude oil could be loaded to tankers for further transportation,
B) Refineries in Croatia (Sisak), Bosnia (Brod) and Serbia (Nový Sad and Pančevo) for final processing.
An intergovernmental agreement on the support of the integration of the Druzhba and Adria crude oil pipeline systems was signed in Zagreb on 16 December 2002. However, the project was muted after disapproval of Croatian state authorities in 2006. At present Adria is used to supply above mentioned refineries with crude oil delivered by tankers to the port of Omišalj. Another Croatian refinery in Rijeka is supplied through this port, which is linked with it by undersea oil pipeline.
A maximum yearly capacity, after a possible reconstruction of the pumping station in Százhalombatta and the repair of the pipeline defects on the section Šahy – Százhalombatta, amounts to 4.5 million tons, at present state it is 3.8 million tons per year. At present, in Hungary the transportation capacity on the route Százhalombatta – Croatian border is 6.9 million tons a year. This capacity is given by the performance of pumps in the pumping station in Százhalombatta, considering the capacity of the oil pipeline itself, which is 14 million tons per year. Nowadays the capacity of the Adria oil pipeline (in the Omišalj – Šahy direction), in case of interruption in the supplies via the Druzhba, is sufficient for the purposes of covering Slovak consumption. In such case, the yearly volume of transported crude oil will range from 3 to 3.5 millions of tons.
Bratislava – Schwechat Pipeline
On 18 December 2003 the Austrian company OMV and TRANSPETROL – the Slovak crude oil carrier, whose 49% of shares were owned by the Russian crude oil concern YUKOS, signed the Agreement on the common company for building up and provision of operation of the new oil pipeline between Bratislava and a refinery belonging to the OMV group in Austrian Schwechat. Transpetrol has a 74% share and OMV a 26% share in the established company BSP Bratislava – Schwechat Pipeline GmbH. Estimated investments of the project amounted EUR 35 million.
The volume of transported crude oil is tentatively set to 2 million tons of crude oil per year, which makes 20% of proceeding capacity of the refinery in Schwechat, with the possibility to increase this volume. The capacity of oil pipeline assumes approximately 3.4 million tons of crude oil per year with its possible increase by additional pumping facility up to 5 million tons per year. The length of the new oil pipeline would by approximately 60 kilometres, 50 kilometres of which would lead through the territory of Austria.
TRANSPETROL, a.s. will be the operator and owner of the Slovak section of the future oil pipeline, the BSP company, the common company of TRANSPETROL and OMV, will operate the oil pipeline crossing the Austrian territory. Financing of the project will be granted by the economic power of the BSP shareholders TRANSPETROL and OMV with the use of own and loan sources.
In terms of the original project of the mentioned oil pipeline, which was not recommended to be realized by MŽP SR (the Slovak Environment Ministry) in 2005, Transpetrol, a.s. assigned a survey indicating the possible realization of the alternative route of the Druzhba oil pipeline on the Bratislava – Petržalka – Schwechat route with the target to find new possibilities of leading the pipeline´s route. At present negotiations with the target to find optimal solution of the Schwechat – Bratislava route are held, in order to reduce potential impact on the environment. In case CHVO Žitný Ostrov would be struck by the realization of this project, precautions related to consistent elimination of potential risk must be accepted. Degradation of underground water sources, which also belongs to strategic interests of Slovakia, is an example of such precautions. Based on the last survey, a route of oil pipeline with the length of 12,814 km was recommended. It had its linking point at the Slovnaft, a.s. refinery and leads to the Slovak – Austrian border at Kitsee.
On the Austrian side works on the project of the oil pipeline, which would be linked to the Slovak section of the pipeline at Kitsee, are in the final stadium. Necessary permits to build are issued, except to those, in which the conditions presenting the purchase of ”the rights of transition“ (further only RoW) through the affected lands, but also at this stage the Austrian side is about to finish. 98% of affected lands are undersigned, in the remaining cases intensive negotiations are carried out. The project of the oil pipeline connection Bratislava – Schwechat is strategically important for the state, as it connects the Slovak pipeline system with the western European ones. This step, in case of reverse pumping from Austria, enables to achieve the oil supplies not only from Russian sources and to decrease our independence on the crude oil from the Russian Federation.
The Odesa – Brody – Druzhba oil pipeline
This oil pipeline is currently being used in the reverse direction, i. e. from Brody to Odesa to transport Russian crude oil. At present, the oil from Odesa is possible to be transported to Brody by train tanks. Subsequently, it is by draining system entering the Druzhba oil pipeline.
The Odesa-Brody oil pipeline is 674 km long, with the diameter of 1020 mm and transport permeability is 9 – 14.5 mil ton/year. After additional investments it could be 45 mil ton/year. The Odesa – Južnyj terminal has the storage capacity of 200 thousand m3 and the completing of the Pivdeni terminal its capacity increases to 600 thousand m3. The port enables accepting of oil tankers with the capacity of 100 thousand tons.
During last few years Transpetrol intensively focused on the possibility of pumping light Caspian crude oil by the Odesa – Brody – Druzhba pipeline across the territory of Slovakia. Slovak oil pipeline system is built to transport one sort of crude oil – Russian export mixture REBCO. Ranked transport of several sorts would require high investment. According to the study of independent experts appointed by the European Committee in May 2006, yearly EUR 19.1 – 29.8 mil for 0.6 – 3 mil. tons of light crude oil would be demanded for this purpose.
The IKL pipeline
In the mid 90´s the Czech Republic built the IKL oil pipeline connection, which links the refinery in Kralupy nad Vltavou with the TAL oil pipeline system near German Ingolstadt (Vohburg).
Within international linking possibilities of oil pipeline system it is suitable to support steps leading to the operation of the Druzhba pipeline´s branch in the Czech Republic, in order to enable the use also in the reverse direction, i. e. from the Czech Republic to Slovakia. The IKL oil pipeline leading from German Ingolstadt to the refinery in Kralupy has a yearly capacity, which is not used, 10 mil. tons, that means it is 2 mil. tons higher than the actual need of the Czech Republic is. The opposite (reverse) way of the oil transport from the Czech Republic to the Slovak Republic requires executing of technical adjustments at the system in ČR and SR, as well as to close an intergovernmental deal on the crude oil supplies to the Slovak Republic.